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The Taliban has swiftly regained management of Afghanistan 20 years after US forces started Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF).

The United States linked the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks to al Qaeda, a bunch that operated below the Taliban regime’s safety in Afghanistan. The operation was launched to cease the Taliban from offering a protected haven to al Qaeda and to cease al Qaeda’s use of Afghanistan as a base of operations for terrorist actions.

Operation Enduring Freedom started on October 7, 2001, below President George W. Bush’s administration, with allied air strikes on Taliban and al Qaeda targets.

On Oct. 14, 2001, the Taliban supplied to debate giving Osama bin Laden, then the lead of al Qaeda, to a 3rd nation for trial if the United States offered proof of bin Laden’s involvement in the Sept. 11 assaults. The White House rejected the provide.

On Nov. 13, 2001, US airstrikes and floor assaults by the anti-Taliban Afghan Northern Alliance led to the fall of Kabul.

That identical month many European international locations supplied troops to help OEF together with, Germany, the Netherlands, France and Italy. US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld additionally introduced that the US doubled the variety of its troops primarily based in the nation.

Over the subsequent 20 years, the US together with allied nations and coalitions labored to create a secure Afghan led nation and likewise create and practice an Afghan nationwide military. Here’s a timeline:

Dec. 2-5, 2001 – The United Nations hosts the Bonn Conference in Germany, outcomes from the Bonn Agreement creates an Afghan Interim Authority and descriptions a course of for creating a brand new structure and selecting a brand new authorities.

Dec. 20, 2001 – The United Nations approved the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to offer safety help to the Afghans. The United Kingdom agrees to guide the pressure initially.

Dec. 22, 2001 – Hamid Karzai is sworn in as head of an interim power-sharing authorities.

March 25, 2002 – Rumsfeld broadcasts that there are plans below approach for US and coalition forces to assist practice and create an Afghan nationwide military.

January 2004 – Afghanistan passes a brand new structure by consensus.

Oct. 9, 2004 – Afghanistan’s first direct democratic election is held.

Dec. 7, 2004 – Karzai is sworn in as the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan.

Dec. 1, 2009 – Obama broadcasts the deployment of 30,000 further US troops. This new deployment, set for 2010, introduced US troop totals to virtually 100,000, in addition to 40,000 NATO troops.

January 2010 – Representatives from greater than 60 nations meet in London for the International Conference on Afghanistan, pledging to help the improvement of the Afghan National Security Forces.

May 2, 2011 – In the early morning hours, a small group of US Forces, together with Navy Seals, raid a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan and kill Osama bin Laden.

June 22, 2011 –  Obama broadcasts a plan to cut back the variety of troops in Afghanistan and that US fight operations in the nation will finish by 2014.

Feb. 1, 2012 – Defense Secretary Leon Panetta broadcasts that the US hopes to finish its fight mission in Afghanistan in 2013, transitioning primarily to a coaching function.

May 27, 2014 – President Obama broadcasts that the United States combat mission in Afghanistan will end in December 2014.

Sept. 30, 2014 – The US and Afghanistan sign a joint security agreement that may permit US troops to remain in Afghanistan past the earlier December deadline to withdraw.

Jan. 1, 2015 – After greater than 13 years of fight operations in Afghanistan, the US begins Operation Freedom’s Sentinel (OFS). The new mission conducts counterterrorism operations concentrating on terrorist teams like al Qaeda and the native ISIS affiliate and likewise focuses on increase native Afghan safety forces to assist struggle the Taliban.

Dec. 9, 2019 – Confidential documents obtained by The Washington Post reveal that high US officers misled the American public about the conflict in Afghanistan in order to hide doubts about the chance that the United States could possibly be profitable in the almost 20-year effort since its earliest days, the paper reviews.

April 14, 2021 – US President Joe Biden formally announces his decision to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan earlier than September 11, 2021, deeming the extended and intractable battle in Afghanistan not aligns with American priorities. “It’s time to end America’s longest war,” he says.

August 2021 – The Taliban take control of Afghanistan’s capital city, Kabul, virtually twenty years after they have been pushed out by US troops. President Biden sends an extra 5,000 troops to Kabul to evacuate US personnel.

Read more about the key events here.

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